Petroleum substitution, greenhouse gas emissions reduction and environmental benefits from the development of natural gas vehicles in China
投稿时间:2017-09-28  
英文关键词:Natural gas vehicles, Energy use, Greenhouse gases, Critical air pollutants, China, Life-cycle analysis
基金项目:This study was co-sponsored by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (71774095, 71690244 and 71673165), the Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China (2017M610096) and the International Science and Technology Cooperation Program of China (2016YFE0102200).
作者单位
Jie-Hui Yuan Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Automotive Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Sheng Zhou Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Automotive Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Tian-Duo Peng Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Automotive Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Ge-Hua Wang Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Automotive Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Xun-Min Ou Institute of Energy, Environment and Economy, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
China Automotive Energy Research Centre, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China 
Hua-Ping Sun Institute of Industrial Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China 
Wei-Feng Sun Department of Economics and Management, Yuncheng University, Yuncheng 044000, China 
Yong Geng Institute of Industrial Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China 
Yu-Sheng Kong Institute of Industrial Economics, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212013, China 
摘要点击次数: 108
全文下载次数: 103
      
英文摘要:
      This study develops a bottom-up model to quantitatively assess the comprehensive effects of replacing traditional petroleum- powered vehicles with natural gas vehicles (NGVs) in China based on an investigation of the direct energy consumption and critical air pollutant (CAP) emission intensity, life-cycle energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emission intensity of NGV fleets. The results indicate that, on average, there are no net energy savings from replacing a traditional fuel vehicle with an NGV. Interestingly, an NGV results in significant reductions in direct CAP and life-cycle GHG emissions compared to those of a traditional fuel vehicle, ranging from 61% to 76% and 12% to 29%, respectively. Due to the increasing use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel in China (i.e. approximately 28.2 billion cubic metres of natural gas in 2015), the total petroleum substituted with natural gas was approximately 23.8 million tonnes (Mt), which generated a GHG emission reduction of 16.9 Mt of CO2 equivalent and a CAP emission reduction of 1.8 Mt in 2015. Given the significant contribution of NGVs, growing the NGV population in 2020 will further increase the petroleum substitution benefits and CAP and GHG emission reduction benefits by approximately 42.5 Mt of petroleum-based fuel, 3.1 Mt of CAPs and 28.0 Mt of GHGs. By 2030, these benefits will reach 81.5 Mt of traditional petroleum fuel, 5.6 Mt of CAPs and 50.5 Mt of GHGs, respectively.
Jie-Hui Yuan,Sheng Zhou,Tian-Duo Peng,Ge-Hua Wang,Xun-Min Ou,Hua-Ping Sun,Wei-Feng Sun,Yong Geng,Yu-Sheng Kong,2018.Petroleum substitution, greenhouse gas emissions reduction and environmental benefits from the development of natural gas vehicles in China.Petroleum Science,15(3):644~656.
查看全文  查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器